The President said large families are gradually returning to the country since he first proposed to restore the title of ‘Heroic Mother’
According to the decree signed by the head of the Kremlin, eligible mothers will receive a one-time payment of one million rubles (equivalent to about 14,000 euros) as soon as their tenth living child turns one year old. Putin said large families are gradually returning to the country since he first proposed to restore the title of ‘Heroic Mother’ on the occasion of International Children’s Day on June 1.
This is expected to address the demographic crisis in Russia, which has 145.1 million inhabitants, with a decline of about 400,000 people at the beginning of 2022. The rate of decline of the Russian population has almost doubled since 2021 – when the pandemic. coronavirus has led to the largest natural population decline since the end of the Soviet Union – and nearly tripled since 2020
In Stalin’s time, the title was accompanied by the award of the “Order of the Heroic Mother” and a certificate issued by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet. Any children who died for heroic acts, military reasons or in circumstances particularly worthy of respect, including occupational diseases, were however counted. The winning mothers could wear a badge consisting of a gold star with silver rays between the points; it was set on a red enamelled metal band bearing the words “Мать-героиня” (heroic mother). They were also granted a certain number of privileges relating to retirement pensions and facilitations in the payment of bills for public utility services as well as supplies of food and other goods.
About 430,000 women were awarded the title during its term. The only man awarded was Veniamin Petrovich Makarov of Orenburg who raised twelve adopted children.
The established award was in effect until 1991 as in Ukraine where it was reintroduced in 2004.