The European Commission called on November 16 for Bulgaria, Croatia and Romania to be admitted to the Schengen area, to allow travel between these countries and most of Europe without border controls.
The EU executive asked the European Council to take the necessary decisions to accept the three Eastern European countries in the free movement area, Schengen.
Bulgaria and Romania completed the assessment process in 2011. The Council confirmed in December 2021 that Croatia, which became an EU member in 2013, had met the conditions to join the Schengen area.
At the end of August, the German chancellor, Oalf Scholz, said that these three countries meet all the criteria to become full members in this area.
Currently five EU members – Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Ireland and Romania – are not Schengen members and, therefore, cannot issue visas for the entire area. The visa requirements are similar, but the visa is only valid for the country that issues it.
On the other hand, Iceland, Norway and Switzerland are not members of the EU, but are members of the Schengen area. Therefore, they can issue visas for the entire area.