This year, October in Europe broke the record for the hottest temperatures ever recorded, reaching almost two degrees Celsius above the comparison period 1991-2020. This was announced by the Copernicus Service for Climate Change (C3S) of the European Union.
Climate monitor C3S said the heat wave “brought record daily temperatures in western Europe and a record-breaking October for heat in Austria, Switzerland and France”.
Records were also broken in many parts of Italy and Spain for the past month.
“Canada experienced record heat and much warmer-than-usual conditions were also recorded in Greenland and Siberia,” C3S said.
They noted that colder-than-usual temperatures were recorded in Australia, in easternmost parts of Russia and in some areas as far west as Antarctica.
The news comes as world leaders gather in Egypt to discuss climate, facing calls to urgently cut carbon emissions to avoid further climate disasters.
“The severe consequences of climate change are very evident today and we need ambitious climate action at COP27 to ensure that emissions reductions will stabilize temperatures close to the Paris Agreement target of 1.5 degrees,” he said. the deputy director of C3S, Samantha Burgess, referring to the current climate talks taking place in Egypt, within the UN.
UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres warned that countries must cooperate or face “collective suicide” in the fight against climate change.
“Humanity has a choice: cooperation or extinction,” Guterres said at the UN’s COP27 Summit.
C3S also said on Tuesday that October this year brought drier than usual conditions in southern Europe and the Caucasus. “It was also drier than usual over much of central North America, the Horn of Africa, large parts of Russia, central Asia and China, and some regions of South America,” the report said.
Meanwhile, parts of the Iberian Peninsula, France and Germany, Great Britain and Ireland, north-west Scandinavia, much of eastern Europe and central Turkey were “wetter than average”.
Outside of Europe, such climatic conditions were also recorded in parts of North America, central and southern Asia. Meanwhile, in Australia, heavy rains also caused flooding in some areas.
The UN’s World Meteorological Organization (WMO) said on Sunday that, if this year’s forecasts prove correct, the next eight years will each be hotter than the previous one and hotter than before 2015. while highlighting a dramatic increase in the rate of global warming.
The WMO added that sea level rise, melting glaciers, land precipitation and heat waves are accelerating global warming.
The Earth has warmed more than 1.1 degrees Celsius since the late 19th century. However, about half of this increase has occurred in the last 30 years.
According to forecasts, this year will be the fifth or sixth warmest on record, despite the impact of the La Nina phenomenon since 2020 – a periodic natural phenomenon in the Pacific that cools the atmosphere.